Save your soles from Bunions!
Bunions (scientific name: Hallux Abducto Valgus), despite being
known to be a common foot deformity has lot of misconceptions about
it. Ironically, people unaware of it continue to writhe in pain for
long time (sometimes 'years') before being diagnosed with it and
going for treatment.
What is Bunion?
For a layman, bunion is nothing but a visible bump on the side
of the big toe. However, there is more to this foot deformity than
what meets the eye. The bump originally represents the altering
bony framework of the front part of the foot. With passage of time,
the affected toe starts leaning towards the other toe. Thereafter
the bones start falling out of alignment and the bump surfaces.
A progressive foot problem, bunions on being ignored
continuously results in gradual alteration of bones turning into a
prominent bump in later years. Unfortunately for Patients of
Bunions, symptoms start showing quite late which only gets worse
with passage of time. Interestingly, in some cases, symptoms don't
surface at all.
What causes Bunion?
Apparently, inheritance of flawed mechanical foot structure is
known to be one of major causes of Bunions. This however should not
be understood that Bunions can be inherited. Factually speaking, it
is not this medical problem but the inheritance of certain foot
types that makes a person eligible to become a patient of
Here it is important to clarify that wearing shoes don't
actually cause bunions. However, it certainly can aggravate the
Symptoms of Bunions
Patients of Bunions can often be seen complaining of suffering
from Pain or soreness at the site. Apart from that, burning
sensations, numbness, inflammation and redness in the affected area
are other common symptoms noticed in the patients struggling with
this form of foot deformity.
Interestingly, tight toe box shoes or high heels easily give way
for Bunion. This automatically explains why fairer sex is
comparatively more prone to Bunions than the darker sex.
How Bunions can be diagnosed?
Incidentally, Bunions are not that difficult to diagnose as they
are clearly visible. However, to be absolutely sure the surgeon may
take an X-Ray of the affected portion to assess the degree of
deformity and study the alterations in the bone structure.
Remember, bunion is a progressive foot deformity problem and on
neglecting it only gets worse . Since in some cases the situation
deteriorates really quickly. Hence it is quite important for your
surgeon to have fairly good idea of the gravity of the damage done
so that he or she could plan the treatment sessions accordingly and
check further growth of this deformity. Normally, surgery is known
to be a sure-shot solution of this problem.
Apart regular medical check-ups and alternative therapies, there
are various ways by which you can control the growth of Bunion.
Although these ways can't exactly reverse the damage done yet they
can help with pain and discomfort.
Following are these ways:-
Choice of Footwear: Correct selection of
footwear definitely pays. To keep Bunion in check, wearing right
footwear is extremely important. Avoid wide toe box, pointed toes,
high heels or the shoes which does not have proper ventilation
Regular application of ice-packs: Frequent
application of ice-pack on the affected portion can certainly
reduce inflammation and pain.
Padding measures: Placing pads over the
affected region can help with pain.
In addition to these, Corticosteroids injections, Orthotic
devices are other extensively used measures to treat